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Potassium bromideCAS: 7758-02-3
[Product name]:Potassium bromide
|Item||Bromine phase I||Bromine phase II||Pharmaceutical grade|
|PH value (5%)||5.0-7.5||5.5-7.5||5.5-7.5|
|Sensitivity of solution||80-100 (410mm)||85-100 (410mm)||-|
|Density of Aqueous solution||≤15.0ppm||-||-|
|Packing||Cardboard drum lined with plastic bags or woven bag, 25kg/bag, drum|
[Potassium bromide,]: Chemical formula KBr, Relative molecular mass: 119.00. Colorless crystals or white powder, with strong salty taste. Slightly hygroscopic. 1g dissolved in 1.5ml water, aqueous solution is neutral. Relative Density (d254) 2.75. Melting point 730 ℃. Boiling point 1435 ℃. Irritation. Mainly used for spectral analysis, determination of copper and silver in spot analysis, polarographic analysis of indium, cadmium and arsenic. Developer.
Potassium bromide Chemical Properties
|Melting point||734 °C(lit.)|
|Boiling point||58.8 °C(lit.)|
|density||3.119 g/mL at 25 °C(lit.)|
|vapor density||7.14 (vs air)|
|vapor pressure||175 mm Hg ( 20 °C)|
|solubility||H2O: 1 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless|
|PH||5.0-8.8 (25℃, 50mg/mL in H2O)|
|Water Solubility||650 g/L (20 ºC)|
|λmax||λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.01
λ: 280 nm Amax: 0.01
|Stability:||Stable. Incompatible with strong oxidizing agents, strong acids, bromine trifluoride and bromine trichloride.|
|CAS DataBase Reference||7758-02-3(CAS DataBase Reference)|
|NIST Chemistry Reference||Potassium bromide(7758-02-3)|
|EPA Substance Registry System||Potassium bromide (KBr)(7758-02-3)|
|RIDADR||UN 1744 8/PG 1|
|Hazardous Substances Data||7758-02-3(Hazardous Substances Data)|
|Toxicity||LD50 orally in Rabbit: > 2000 mg/kg|
Potassium bromide Usage And Synthesis
|Description||Potassium bromide can be used as analytical reagents and developers, but also for the pharmaceutical industry.
It can be used as the emulsion reagents for the filmstrip and photo film; used for formulating developer, used as a sedative in medical treatment.
In photographic materials, Potassium bromide is used in the manufacture of photographic film, developer, film thickener, toner and color photo bleach. In medication, it is used as nerve tranquilizers (tribromide). In addition, it is also used for chemical analysis reagents, the transmission of the spectra and infrared ray, for making special soap as well as being used in sculpture, lithography and so on.
It can be used for the preforming in the infrared test.
|Spectrum purity||For IR detection; used for infrared sample preparation;
0 ° C to 53.6 g; 10 ° C to 59.5 g; 20 ° C to 65.3 g; 30 ° C to 70.7 g; 40 ° C to 75.4 g
60 ° C to 85.5 g; 80 ° C to 94.9 g; 90 ° C to 99.2 g; 100 ° C to 104 g.
|Preparation||The bromide is first reacted with scrap iron to obtain the Fe3Br8 • 16H2O, followed by reaction with the boiling potassium carbonate solution. Fe3Br8 • 16H2O + K2CO3-boiling heat-> 8KBr + Fe3O4 + 4CO2 + 16H2O, the Fe3O4 is filtered, followed by concentration to obtain potassium bromide.
Urea reduction method: send the caustic potassium solution dissolved with urea caustic potassium solution sent to the reactor. Slowly add bromine at 80 ° C for reaction. The reaction is completed when the Ph value is 6-7. The reaction solution is added to the storage tank, subjecting to activated carbon decolorization. When the solution becomes clean, apply filtering, evaporation, crystallization, centrifugal separation and drying, that is the finished product of potassium bromide. Its reaction equation is:
3Br2 + 6KOH + CO (NH2) 2 → 6KBr + 5H2O + CO2 ↑ + N2 ↑
|Toxicity||Avoid ingestion or inhalation; avoid eye and skin contact. Upon ingestion, head dizziness, nausea may occur. Immediately seek medical treatment; Upon inhalation, vomiting will happen, the patient should be immediately moved to place with fresh air and sent for medical treatment; if splashed into eyes, immediately rinse with a lot of fresh water for 2 0min; skin, upon being contact with potassium bromide, should also be subject to rinsing with plenty of water.|
|Chemical Properties||White, crystalline granules or pow- der; pungent, strong, bitter, saline taste; somewhat hygroscopic.Solu- ble in water and glycerol; slightly soluble in alcohol and ether.|
|Uses||This white crystal was made by the action of bromine on hot potassium hydroxide solution. It is soluble in water but much less so in alcohol. Potassium bromide was used as a secondary halide in combination with an iodide in the paper negative processes, the albumen on glass process, and the wet collodion processes. When silver bromide gelatin emulsion was invented, potassium bromide was the primary halide. It was also used in combination with either bichloride of mercury, copper sulfate, or potassium ferricyanide in photographic bleaches and as a restrainer in alkaline developers used for gelatin plates and developing-out papers.|
|Uses||manufacture of photographic papers and plates; process engraving.|
|Uses||Potassium bromide (KBr) is used in photography and as a medical sedative.|
|Definition||ChEBI: A metal bromide salt with a K(+) counterion.|
|Definition||potassium bromide: A white orcolourless crystalline solid, KBr,slightly hygroscopic and soluble inwater and very slightly soluble inethanol; cubic; r.d. 2.75; m.p. 734°C;b.p. 1435°C. Potassium bromide maybe prepared by the action of bromineon hot potassium hydroxide solutionor by the action of iron(III) bromideor hydrogen bromide on potassiumcarbonate solution. It is used widelyin the photographic industry and isalso used as a sedative. Because of itsrange of transparency to infrared radiation,KBr is used both as a matrixfor solid samples and as a prism materialin infrared spectroscopy.|
|General Description||Odorless colorless crystals or white crystalline powder or white granular solid with a pungent bitter saline taste. Aqueous solutions are neutral (pH about 7).|
|Air & Water Reactions||Water soluble.|
|Reactivity Profile||Potassium bromide is not in generally strongly reactive. A weak reducing agent, incompatible with oxidizing agents. Also incompatible with salts of mercury and silver. Violent reactions occur with bromine trifluoride. May react with nitrous ether spirit, many alkaloidal salts and starch. May also react with acids . Reacts with concentrated sulfuric acid to generate fumes of hydrogen bromide.|
|Hazard||Toxic by ingestion and inhalation|
|Fire Hazard||Flash point data for Potassium bromide are not available; however, Potassium bromide is probably nonflammable.|
|Safety Profile||Moderately toxic by ingestion and intraperitoneal routes. Large doses can cause central nervous system depression. Prolonged inhalation may cause skin eruptions. Mutation data reported. Violent reaction with BrF3. When heated to decomposition it emits toxic fumes of K2O and Br-. See also BROMIDES.|
|Veterinary Drugs and Treatments||Bromides are used both as primary therapy and as adjunctive therapy to control seizures in dogs that are not adequately controlled by phenobarbital (or primidone) alone (when steady state trough phenobarbital levels are >30 mcg/mL for at least one month). While historically bromides were only recommended for use alone in patients suffering from phenobarbital (or primidone) hepatotoxicity, they are more frequently used as a drug of first choice.
Although not frequently used, bromides are also considered suitable by some for use in cats with chronic seizure disorders, but cats may be more susceptible to the drug’s adverse effects.
|Purification Methods||Crystallise the bromide from distilled water (1mL/g) between 100o and 0o. Wash it with 95% EtOH, followed by Et2O. Dry it in air, then heat it at 115o for 1hour, pulverize it, then heat it in a vacuum oven at 130o for 4hours. It has also been crystallised from aqueous30% EtOH, or EtOH, and dried over P2O5 under vacuum before heating in an oven.|
|Potassium bromide Preparation Products And Raw materials|
|Raw materials||Potassium carbonate-->Bromine-->Potassium hydroxide -->Urea-->Hydrogen bromide-->2,3-DICHLORO-5,8-DIHYDROXY-1,4-NAPHTHOQUINONE-->(2S,5R,6R)-6-[(R)-2-Amino-2-phenylacetamido]-3,3-dimethyl-7-oxo-4-thia-1-azabicyclo[3.2.0]heptane-2-carboxylic acid|
|Preparation Products||Cuprous bromide-->Potassium bromate -->(S)-4-BOC-MORPHOLINE-3-CARBOXYLIC ACID-->4-BROMOMETHYLTETRAHYDROPYRAN-->MORPHOLINE-3,4-DICARBOXYLIC ACID 4-TERT-BUTYL ESTER-->3-Bromo-7-(trifluoromethyl)imidazo[1,2-a]pyrimidine-->Cyclopropanecarboxaldehyde-->Beclobrate-->Tazobactam acid-->DL-Threonine-->1 10-PHENANTHROLINE-5 6-DIONE 97-->Hydroxyacetone-->KETENE DIETHYL ACETAL-->5-Bromo-2-oxindole-->3-Bromobenzophenone-->trans,trans-Muconic acid-->4-Bromobenzyl bromide-->mercurous bromide-->4-Phenoxy-2,6-Diisopropyl Aniline-->MERCURIC BROMIDE|
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